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Andhra Pradesh Government Oriental Manuscripts 

Library and Research Institute.

 

The Life story of MahaMahopadhyaya Sri Paravastu Venkata Rangacharya Aryavaraguru

Overview

Maha Mahopadhyaya Sri Paravastu Venkata Rangachariar was born in 1822, i.e. in Saka year 1744 in Krishna Paksha of the month Mesha in Chitrabhanu year. He was born in a noble Sri Vaishanava family that originated in the great Sri Paravastu  Pattarbhiran Swamy Vamsa (lineage) whose go tram was Bharadwaja.The Sri Paravastu family stayed in Tirupathi in the beginning  and then went over to Venkatagiri. In the eighteenth century, the whole of Karnataka and surrounding regions reeled under the harassment of Hyder Ali. This made the family move towards the north. His father, baby Srinivasachariar moved over to Vizianagaram of the Visakhapatnam district along with close relatives such as his mother,  grand-mother, aunt etc.. At that time Srinivaschariar was about  2 years old. Since a relative of his was staying in Vizianagaram at that time, they all migrated there. He had his education there only. By  the time he grew into adulthood, Hyder Ali died and Karnataka was peaceful again. With the intention of returning to Venkatagiri, his own place got married and returned to Visakhapatnam.    Story in Telugu, Story in English

Detailed

Maha Maho Padhayaya Sri Paravastu Venkata Rangachariar was born in 1822, i.e. in Saka year 1744 in Krishna Paksha of the month Mesha in Chitrabhanu year. He was born in a noble Sri Vaishanava family that originated in the great Sri Paravastu  Pattarbhiran Swamy Vamsa (lineage) whose go tram was Bharadwaja. The Sri Paravastu family stayed in Tirupathi in the beginning  and then went over to Venkatagiri. In the eighteenth century, the whole of Karnataka and surrounding regions reeled under the harassment of Hyder Ali. This made the family move towards the north. His father, baby Srinivasachariar moved over to Vizianagaram of the Visakhapatnam district along with close relatives such as his mother,  grand-mother, aunt etc.. At that time Srinivaschariar was about  2 years old. Since a relative of his was staying in Vizianagaram at that time, they all migrated there. He had his education there only. By  the time he grew into adulthood, Hyder Ali died and Karnataka was peaceful again. With the intention of returning to Venkatagiri, his own place got married and returned to Visakhapatnam. 

This was the reason for the Sri Paravastu family's migration and settlement  in Visakhapatnam.  Srinivasachariar was a great Scholar. He wrote many books in Sanskrit and Telugu. Most of the books written and  published by his, the most important one is  Sanskrit-Telugu Dictionary titled "Sarva Sabda Sambodhini". Venkata Rangachariar was the second son of  Srinivaschariar and Mangamma. Even from his childhood days, he learnt with ease the very intricate subjects. At the  age eight, he was a great scholar in Sanskrit. At that age, he wrote Kumbahakarna Vijayam an epic with three chapters. When Sri Venkata Rangachariar was 12 years old, he lost his father. By then he had attained mastery in learning heart Sanskrit and Telugu slokas. Immediately he started learning Tharkam, Nyaya Sasthras. After his father's demise, he began learning Vyakarana Sasthras from Sri Ramanujachariar and Nyaya Sasthras from Sri Vnkataraghavachariar. Later, he even learnt with much ease the difficult grandhas (works) Nyaya Sasthra from Kondapalli Venkata Sasthry and Sasharmi Subbodhana Mishro. Staying in Calcutta, Subodhana's brother was doing business with Andhra Pradesh and Subodhana himself was staying in Visakhapatnam to look after the developments of the business Later by his own efforts, Sri Venkata Rangachariar obtained perfect knowledge of all Sasthras and was very deservingly awarded the title "Sarva Thanthra Swathanathra ". 

The Gode Zamindars who had patronized his father, after his father's demise, continued to patronize the family, testing his excellence very often. They arranged intellectual conferences often, so as to make him participate in debates and deliver lectures. On all these occasions, success was his and he earned high regard of the nobles as well as common people. Zamindars and Land Lords from all over the region invited this great man to their courts to participate in scholarly conferences and disputations and respected and honored his with suitable rewards. Thus even as youth, he received various rewards for his great scholarly accomplishments. In 1865 he started a Sanskrit school in Visakhapatnam with the help of the regional Zamindars.

 Lord Melville the District Collector of Visakhapatnam also rendered monetary assistance for its maintenance. Venkata Rangachariar founded in 1861 a printing press named 'Arsha Press'. It may well be said that this was the frist printing press founded in Visakhapatnam. Through this press, he printed and published many ancient, rare and great Sanskrit works that existed on palm leaves. He wrote and published many books. Urlam Zamindar of  Ganjam District conducted a conference every year in order to test the scholarly worthiness of the budding Pundits Pundits (scholars) and rewarded them according to their merit. Maha Mahopadhayaya Venkata Rangachariar remained the President of this 'PUNDIT PARISHAD' (Assembly of Scholars) from it's inception till the end of  his life. This Parishad was highly renowned in the later years of the last century. Many scholars regarded participation in this Parishad it self as the sole aim and ambition of their lives for scholarly recognition. The Landlord of Waltair and Sikadi Zamindar donated lands to this great man. Sangam Valasa Zamindar and his disciples. Since he was born in the family of Sri Paravastu Pattabhiram who was one of the eight great Sri Vaishnava Acharyas, many prominent people took pride in learning in Sanskrit and Tamil Philosophies (Ubhayavedanta) from him.

 

 

 

 

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